IELTS Speaking Test Questions & Answers | Hometown, Swimming, Car Journey, Technology & Car Industry, Environmetal Problems in Global Car Industry

Describe a long car journey
IELTS Speaking Test Topic Cue Card | Describe a long car Journey

IELTS Speaking Test Part 1

Do you work or study?

I’m still studying at the moment. I’m studying for my degree in International Business and Marketing - I’m in my final year at the moment and will graduate in the summer.

Tell me about your hometown.

Well, it’s quite a small town really – the population is around 300,000 people. It’s not far from the capital city but it’s a lot quieter, in fact some people might say it’s a sleepy kind of place. Nothing much happens and it’s a very popular place for young families.

Would you like to live in the countryside?

Maybe someday in the future, if I ever get married and have a family, or possibly when I’m old and retired, but at the moment I don’t think I would enjoy it so much. I like to have things to do and a different places to visit and do things. I would actually prefer to live in a larger city. After graduating I’m planning to go to Australia and study for two years and I would love to live in a big city there like Melbourne or Sydney.

Do you like swimming?

Yes, I suppose so. I don’t go swimming very often but I enjoy it when I do. It’s not like my favorite activity or anything – but it’s fun if you go with a group of friends, and especially if you go to the beach for the day.

Do you prefer to swim in the pool or the ocean?

Definitely in the ocean – it’s so much more fun. The whole experience is different as opposed to swimming in a pool, but then it’s often easier to go to a pool than visit the coast to swim in the ocean.

How important is it to learn to swim in your country?

It’s not very important, but most people learn to swim when they’re children. Most schools have swimming classes and so by the time you graduate from high school there are very few people who can’t swim. It’s just one of those activities like riding a bike that most people do when they’re a kid – it’s something normal.

IELTS Speaking Test Part 2

[click the link to see answer]

Describe a long car journey that you remember well.

You should say:
  • When was it?
  • Where did you go?
  • Who did you go there with?
and explain why you remember this particular journey well.

IELTS Speaking Test Part 3

How did you feel at the end of the journey?

I would have to say – exhilarated and excited – it was like nothing I had ever done before so it’s something I’ll always remember. And in fact my friends and I still talk about it whenever we get together, you know we’re always saying things like… “you remember when we did (activity) on our trip”, or “it’s just like that (object) we saw when we were driving through (place)”.

What is your opinion about the car industry nowadays?

My opinion? … Well, it’s a big industry and employs a lot of people which is a good thing. But then a lot of people see it as a negative thing because cars are being blamed a lot for causing pollution.

But then again, if you actually do some research a lot of commonly held ebeliefs appear to be untrue. For example, rather than trying to reduce pollution by producing more efficient cars – we should consider the amount of energy and pollution created during the manufacture of all these new cars that auto companies are always trying to get us to buy.

The energy required to build a new car is about one third of the energy the car will use in its entire lifetime – that’s a lot - so if we all kept our cars for longer, we could effectively reduce energy consumption, and hence pollution. So I guess you could say the car industry is misunderstood by a lot of people.

What do you think about new technology development in the car industry?

Now that’s an interesting development – for example driverless cars are now a reality, but they haven’t been perfected sufficiently for them to become mainstream yet, but it’s going to happen soon.
There’s been a lot of progress in terms of making cars cleaner and more efficient, and then there’s the emergence of electric cars which show a lot of promise for the future if the charging infrastructure can be developed to allow people to use them like they use their cars at the moment.
I think in the future we’ll also see a lot more ‘smart car’ functions just like we see now on our mobile devices, where our cars become more personalized and we interface with them through technology such as through a link with our phone, using your phone as the key and for car security, not to mention other personalized options.
So expect to see further technology advances in safety, efficiency and features related to driverless cars and how we interact with our cars when we no longer have to actually drive them ourselves.

Are there any environmental issues related to the global car industry?

Of course, just like with any industry, there are always environmental issues. The car industry isn’t unique, the oil and gas industry has issues relating to the environment also, and so does the airline industry.

But specifically in terms of the auto industry on a worldwide scale – most people would say that pollution caused by cars is the number one issue, but in recent years, due to a lot of pressure from governments, emissions have been drastically reduced and new cars are now cleaner and more fuel efficient than ever before. Personally, I would say pollution caused by cars is not really a car industry problem – it’s a problem caused by car users.

On the other hand, the use of natural resources in auto production could definitely be said to be an issue for the auto industry – the proportion of recycled material used, the massive amounts of energy required to produce every new car, and then transport them to the dealerships; this normally involves maritime shipping which causes a lot of pollution, in fact more than actually using the cars. Now that’s a huge problem, and nobody talks about it.

How can these issues be resolved?

That’s the big question, isn’t it? There are always solutions – but the issue is that they may not be popular with certain interested parties. For example, electric cars seem like an almost perfect solution to the problem of emissions caused by fossil fuels such as gasoline, don’t they?

So why have electric cars not been introduced all over the world. Simply because most countries have developed economies based on oil and petroleum, and if you suddenly change all cars to electric ones – the oil and petroleum industries will crash very quickly.

So while people protest loudly about saving the planet, and we now have the technology to do it; the oil companies are extremely powerful and have a lot of influence over politics and so the introduction of alternative fuel driven vehicles will be a long and slow process.

As for the issue I mentioned earlier, about maritime pollution. We could solve, or at least reduce, the problem by consuming fewer cars. By that I mean that if every car owner kept their car for twice as long as they do now, say ten years instead of five years, we would effectively reduce by 50% the need to produce and ship new cars. Now that would have a real effect on transport pollution and the energy used in auto production.

Unfortunately, marketing and social norms have convinced many people that ‘the newest’ or ‘latest version’ of something is always better – and it’s the same with cars, but that’s not always the case if you look at the bigger picture. In many cases, the solutions are simple, stop buying so many new cars.

How would you answer these IELTS speaking test questions about a long car journey, the global car industry, technology in the car industry, and environmental issues and the car industry?
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