IELTS Speaking Test Part 1
Do you work or study?
Tell me about your hometown.
Would you like to live in the countryside?
Do you like swimming?
Do you prefer to swim in the pool or the ocean?
How important is it to learn to swim in your country?
IELTS Speaking Test Part 2
IELTS Speaking Test Part 3
How did you feel at the end of the journey?
What is your opinion about the car industry nowadays?
But then again, if you actually do some research a lot of commonly held ebeliefs appear to be untrue. For example, rather than trying to reduce pollution by producing more efficient cars – we should consider the amount of energy and pollution created during the manufacture of all these new cars that auto companies are always trying to get us to buy.
The energy required to build a new car is about one third of the energy the car will use in its entire lifetime – that’s a lot - so if we all kept our cars for longer, we could effectively reduce energy consumption, and hence pollution. So I guess you could say the car industry is misunderstood by a lot of people.
What do you think about new technology development in the car industry?
There’s been a lot of progress in terms of making cars cleaner and more efficient, and then there’s the emergence of electric cars which show a lot of promise for the future if the charging infrastructure can be developed to allow people to use them like they use their cars at the moment.
I think in the future we’ll also see a lot more ‘smart car’ functions just like we see now on our mobile devices, where our cars become more personalized and we interface with them through technology such as through a link with our phone, using your phone as the key and for car security, not to mention other personalized options.
So expect to see further technology advances in safety, efficiency and features related to driverless cars and how we interact with our cars when we no longer have to actually drive them ourselves.
Are there any environmental issues related to the global car industry?
But specifically in terms of the auto industry on a worldwide scale – most people would say that pollution caused by cars is the number one issue, but in recent years, due to a lot of pressure from governments, emissions have been drastically reduced and new cars are now cleaner and more fuel efficient than ever before. Personally, I would say pollution caused by cars is not really a car industry problem – it’s a problem caused by car users.
On the other hand, the use of natural resources in auto production could definitely be said to be an issue for the auto industry – the proportion of recycled material used, the massive amounts of energy required to produce every new car, and then transport them to the dealerships; this normally involves maritime shipping which causes a lot of pollution, in fact more than actually using the cars. Now that’s a huge problem, and nobody talks about it.
How can these issues be resolved?
So why have electric cars not been introduced all over the world. Simply because most countries have developed economies based on oil and petroleum, and if you suddenly change all cars to electric ones – the oil and petroleum industries will crash very quickly.
So while people protest loudly about saving the planet, and we now have the technology to do it; the oil companies are extremely powerful and have a lot of influence over politics and so the introduction of alternative fuel driven vehicles will be a long and slow process.
As for the issue I mentioned earlier, about maritime pollution. We could solve, or at least reduce, the problem by consuming fewer cars. By that I mean that if every car owner kept their car for twice as long as they do now, say ten years instead of five years, we would effectively reduce by 50% the need to produce and ship new cars. Now that would have a real effect on transport pollution and the energy used in auto production.
Unfortunately, marketing and social norms have convinced many people that ‘the newest’ or ‘latest version’ of something is always better – and it’s the same with cars, but that’s not always the case if you look at the bigger picture. In many cases, the solutions are simple, stop buying so many new cars.